The world’s largest and best known science and technology publisher Springer has just published a first of a kind book `Bridging the Communication Gap in Science and Technology: Lessons from India’ edited by Pallava Bagla and V.V. Binoy. This 324 page book recounts how to create an informed and empowered public that has the necessary scientific temper.
Speaking on the occasion Dr Harsh Vardhan, Union Minister, Ministry of Science & Technology, Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change and Ministry of Earth Sciences released book on science communication said `I think this book is certainly a milestone in publication for science in India. A lot of to people of our country have contributed in a fantastic manner thorough articles as per their experiences and vision. People in administrative positions in ministry of Science & Technology in centre as well as the state, should definitely read it. We all know that we must establish proper channels of scientific communication, take science to the people, make it understood by many. There are many powerful tools now a days for the purpose. But the book makes us introspect, have we really done it? This is a golden time to establish such channels of communication as right now we have a Prime Minister who is passionate about Environment, Science & Technology. Modi ji is a dynamic PM who wants to leverage science to solve the issues which are as yet unresolved even after 70 years of our independence. For this, he has an immense faith in scientific community. This book will help people associated with science develop new goals and paths and in turn shall help our PM deliver the goal of a New India by 2022.’
This volume provides a snapshot of existing science communication policy and practice in India across different S&T sectors, and offers solutions to building effective communication. It has contributions from stalwarts in the areas of research, policy, and media across the S&T spectrum in India.
The release was followed by a panel discussion on theme, ‘When Science Meets the Public, How Do You Bridge the Gap?’ On the panel were secretary of the Department of Science and Technology, Prof. Ashutosh Sharma, Dr Girish Sahni, Director General of CSIR, Professor Deepak Kumar, a former professor and historian of science from JNU, and Mr Pallava Bagla, a long-time senior correspondent with Science magazine and science editor for NDTV. Mr Hasan Jawaid Khan, who is the editor of Science Reporter moderated the panel discussion. The program was well attended by academics, policy makers, bureaucrats and the media.
This site provides links to random videos hosted at YouTube, with the emphasis on random.
The original idea for this site actually stemmed from another idea to provide a way of benchmarking the popularity of a video against the general population of YouTube videos. There are probably sites that do this by now, but there wasn’t when we started out. Anyway, in order to figure out how popular any one video is, you need a pretty large sample of videos to rank it against. The challenge is that the sample needs to be very random in order to properly rank a video and YouTube doesn’t appear to provide a way to obtain large numbers of random video IDs.
Even if you search on YouTube for a random string, the set of results that will be returned will still be based on popularity, so if you’re using this approach to build up your sample, you’re already in trouble. It turns out there is a multitude of ways in which the YouTube search function makes it very difficult to retrieve truly random results.
So how can we provide truly random links to YouTube videos? It turns out that the YouTube programming interface (API) provides additional functions that allow the discovery of videos which, with the right approach, are much more random. Using a number of tricks, combined some subtle manipulation of the space-time fabric, we have managed to create a process that yields something very close to 100% random links to YouTube videos.
YouTube is an American video-sharing website headquartered in San Bruno, California. YouTube allows users to upload, view, rate, share, add to playlists, report, comment on videos, and subscribe to other users. It offers a wide variety of user-generated and corporate media videos. Available content includes video clips, TV show clips, music videos, short and documentary films, audio recordings, movie trailers, live streams, and other content such as video blogging, short original videos, and educational videos. Most content on YouTube is uploaded by individuals, but media corporations including CBS, the BBC, Vevo, and Hulu offer some of their material via YouTube as part of the YouTube partnership program. Unregistered users can only watch videos on the site, while registered users are permitted to upload an unlimited number of videos and add comments to videos. Videos deemed potentially inappropriate are available only to registered users affirming themselves to be at least 18 years old.
YouTube and selected creators earn advertising revenue from Google AdSense, a program which targets ads according to site content and audience. The vast majority of its videos are free to view, but there are exceptions, including subscription-based premium channels, film rentals, as well as YouTube Music and YouTube Premium, subscription services respectively offering premium and ad-free music streaming, and ad-free access to all content, including exclusive content commissioned from notable personalities. As of February 2017, there were more than 400 hours of content uploaded to YouTube each minute, and one billion hours of content being watched on YouTube every day. As of August 2018, the website is ranked as the second-most popular site in the world, according to Alexa Internet, just behind Google. As of May 2019, more than 500 hours of video content are uploaded to YouTube every minute.
YouTube has faced criticism over aspects of its operations, including its handling of copyrighted content contained within uploaded videos, its recommendation algorithms perpetuating videos that promote conspiracy theories and falsehoods, hosting videos ostensibly targeting children but containing violent and/or sexually suggestive content involving popular characters, videos of minors attracting pedophilic activities in their comment sections, and fluctuating policies on the types of content that is eligible to be monetized with advertising.