Preferred Stock (Cumulative Vs Noncumulative, Participating Vs Nonparticipating, Dividends) - YoutubeRandom

## Preferred Stock (Cumulative Vs Noncumulative, Participating Vs Nonparticipating, Dividends)

Accounting for Preferred Stock dividends, cumulative vs noncumulative and nonparticipating vs participating in the dividends available, allocating dividends available between preferred stock and common stock,1-Cumulative Preferred Stock: If Corp fails to pay a dividend in any year, it must make it up in later years before paying dividends to common stockholders, dividends later years not yet paid (dividend in arrears), 2-Non-cumulative P/S past dividends are lost forever, example for each, (A) Preferred Stock is noncumulative & nonparticipating(noncumulative does not pay dividends in arrears), (B) Preferred Stock is cumulative & nonparticipating (cumulative pay dividends in arrears), and (C) Preferred Stock is cumulative participating, 1-Cumulative pay dividends in arrears, 2-Participate with C/S in dividends greater than dividend rate, Participating Preferred Stock share ratably with Common Stock in any profit distribution beyond the dividend rate of P/S, detailed calculations by Allen Mursau

This site provides links to random videos hosted at YouTube, with the emphasis on random.

The original idea for this site actually stemmed from another idea to provide a way of benchmarking the popularity of a video against the general population of YouTube videos. There are probably sites that do this by now, but there wasn’t when we started out. Anyway, in order to figure out how popular any one video is, you need a pretty large sample of videos to rank it against. The challenge is that the sample needs to be very random in order to properly rank a video and YouTube doesn’t appear to provide a way to obtain large numbers of random video IDs.

Even if you search on YouTube for a random string, the set of results that will be returned will still be based on popularity, so if you’re using this approach to build up your sample, you’re already in trouble. It turns out there is a multitude of ways in which the YouTube search function makes it very difficult to retrieve truly random results.

So how can we provide truly random links to YouTube videos? It turns out that the YouTube programming interface (API) provides additional functions that allow the discovery of videos which, with the right approach, are much more random. Using a number of tricks, combined some subtle manipulation of the space-time fabric, we have managed to create a process that yields something very close to 100% random links to YouTube videos.